PENGARUH FAKTOR KESIHATAN MENTAL, KECERDASAN SPIRITUAL KE ATAS KEBAHAGIAAN HIDUP DAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK PELAJAR

The Influences of Mental Health and Spiritual Intelligence Towards Well-Being and Academic Performance

Authors

  • Muhammad Salehan Alhafiz Mat Wajar Pusat Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Rohana Hamzah Pusat Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Ahmad Muhaimin Mohamad Pusat Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Christina Andin Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15282/ijhtc.v7i1.7591

Keywords:

Kesihatan Mental, Kecerdasan Spiritual, Kebahagiaan Hidup, Prestasi Akademik, Mental Health, Spiritual Intelligence, Happiness, Academic Performance

Abstract

Abstract - This paper presents an insight on the effect of mental health and spiritual intelligence on the happiness and academic performance among undergraduate students at Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP). The study had been conducted using quantitative method. A set of questionnaire had been distributed to 460 respondents randomly and selected from a population of 9121 UMP undergraduate students. In prior, the instrument had been checked for its validity and reliability. Results indicate majority of the respondents had achieved high level of mental health, spiritual intelligence and happiness. The correlation analysis revealed that mental health and spiritual intelligence had a significant positive effect on happiness and academic performance. The regression analysis however had shown that happiness had no significant mediation effect on the relationship between mental health and spiritual intelligence and academic performance. Overall, this study had filled in the literature gap on the level of mental health, spiritual intelligence and happiness among students in the context of Malaysian universities particularly in UMP. The model developed by the researcher can be used as a reference in future studies for further investigate how students’ happiness and academic performance can be enhanced through their mental health and spiritual intelligence.

 

Abstrak - Penyelidikan ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh faktor kesihatan mental dan kecerdasan spiritual ke atas kebahagiaan hidup dan prestasi akademik pelajar-pelajar Ijazah Sarjana Muda di Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP). Kajian dijalankan secara kuantitatif melalui kaedah tinjauan dengan menggunakan soal selidik sebagai instrumen kajian ke atas 460 orang responden yang dipilih secara rawak mudah daripada 9121 orang pelajar Ijazah Sarjana Muda UMP. Analisis deskriptif mendapati majoriti responden mempunyai tahap kesihatan mental, kecerdasan spiritual dan kebahagiaan hidup yang agak tinggi. Analisis korelasi pula menunjukkan bahawa kesihatan mental dan kecerdasan spiritual berhubung secara positif dengan kebahagiaan hidup dan prestasi akademik. Analisis regresi walau bagaimanapun membuktikan bahawa kebahagiaan hidup tidak mempunyai pengaruh mediasi yang signifikan ke atas hubungan di antara kesihatan mental dan kecerdasan spiritual dengan prestasi akademik. Secara keseluruhannya, kajian ini telah menyumbang kepada kekurangan dalam literatur mengenai tahap kesihatan mental, kecerdasan spiritual dan kebahagiaan hidup dalam konteks pelajar universiti di Malaysia khususnya di UMP. Model yang dibina dalam kajian ini boleh dijadikan rujukan kajian yang lebih mendalam pada masa akan datang untuk memahami bagaimana kebahagiaan hidup dan prestasi akademik pelajar boleh ditingkatkan melalui kesihatan mental dan kekuatan kerohanian mereka.

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Published

2022-06-23

Issue

Section

Social Science