Convective heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics in fin and oval-tube heat exchanger
Keywords:Heat transfer, oval tube, Nusselt number, Friction factor, correlations
The forced convective heat transfer behavior of a turbulent air flow, steady and Newtonian over a fin and oval-tube heat exchanger has been examined numerically. Where, the effect of the tube tilt angle (α) on the heat transfer coefficient and the friction factor was tested. The inclination angle of the oval-tubes going from 0° (Baseline case) to 90° with a step of 10°. The fluid flows and heat transfer characteristics are presented for Reynolds numbers ranging from 3.000 to 12.000. All investigations are carried out with the help of the CFD ANSYS Fluent. Heat transfer coefficient results in the term of the Nusselt number are validated with the available experimental data and a maximum deviation of 9 % is observed. Reasonable agreement is found. The obtained results show that the tube's inclination angle of 20° is the best design which signiﬁcantly removes the hot spots behind the tubes, thus giving an increase in the heat transfer coefficient of 13 % compared to the baseline case. In addition, useful correlations are developed to predict Nusselt number and friction factor in the fin and oval-tube heat exchanger.
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