Analysis of the vertical moving table type broaching machine
Keywords:Broach, ANSYS, CAD, finite element, friction
Broaching is a type of machining that uses a toothed tool similar to a saw. There are several types of broaching machines includes linear broaching machines and hydraulic machines. Early linear broaching machines were driven mechanically by screws. However, hydraulic machines are faster, smoother in operation, and allow for high-speed steel broaches to be used. The purpose of this study is to an analysis of the vertical moving table type in the broaching machine. In this study, finite element analysis was carried out to examine the structural characteristics of broaching machine design. A model was created in CATIA software and analyzed with ANSYS to find the structural characteristics. The friction characteristic of PBT-40 material was also investigated. This material is recommended for guide rail surface lamination to reduce the friction coefficient and ram body wear. The simulation results provide information for the next step of development before physical prototype will be made. The maximum deformation of the workpiece table was 0.0517 mm on the positive Z-axis, and the maximum deformation on the pulling head device was 0.0598 mm on the negative Z-axis. The friction coefficients were between 0.013 and 0.047 in the sliding speed range of 0.06 to 0.34 m/s. The PBT-40 material has a wear coefficient of 1.604x10-13 m3/Nm according to the test. From the ANSYS friction simulation, it can be concluded that the PBT-40 material would not easily wear out during operation of the machine. It can be seen that small frictional stress occurred on the surface ranging from 8.273x10-5 to 8.381x10-5 MPa.