Magnetohydrodynamics analysis of magnetorheological fluid damper


  • T.M. Gurubasavaraju Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Mohan Babu University, 517102, Tirupathi, India. Phone: +91 8762722404
  • M. Muralidhar Singh RV Institute of Technology and Management, Bengaluru, 560076, Karnataka, India



Non-Newtonian Fluid, Magneto-rheological damper, Magnetostatic


A key feature of magnetorheological fluid is its variability of rheological properties in which upon exposing this fluid, the viscosity of the fluid changes accordingly. Hence this nature can be implemented in various engineering applications. To understand its influence in a magnetorheological (MR) damper, it is essential to study the flow behaviour using computational and numerical methods. The main objective of this work is to estimate the influence of the external magnetic field on the fluid flow velocity inside the damper using magnetohydrodynamic analysis. Finite element analysis, magnetostatic analysis, and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) analysis have been carried out to investigate the change in the shape of the velocity profile across the flow gap of the monotube MR damper under the various magnitude of magnetic force using the MHD module of ANSYS fluent software. The simulation is conducted by considering laminar, steady-state, and incompressible fluid flow. In finite element analysis, the magnitude of magnetic flux density (MFD) ‘B’ was evaluated at various direct currents. Later, obtained MFD has been applied perpendicular direction to the flow of MR fluid. The effective length of the fluid exposed to the MFD is taken as 2 mm to 28 mm in an overall flow length of 30 mm. The extracted results have shown that the fluid flow velocity reduces with an increase in the magnetic flux density. It has been observed that
10.42 % reduction in velocity upon increasing the magnetic flux density from 0.25 T to 1 T at 75 kPa pressure. The reason for a reduction in velocity is because of variation in the rheological properties of the fluid under the magnetic field, which is very much essential to produce a good damping effect in the MR damper.




How to Cite

G. Tharehalli Mata and M. Muralidhar Singh, “Magnetohydrodynamics analysis of magnetorheological fluid damper”, JMES, pp. 9453–9462, Jun. 2023.