A perspective review: Technical study of combining phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging and computational fluid dynamics for blood flow on carotid bifurcation artery

  • Mohd Azrul Hisham Mohd Adib Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Malaysia PahangMedical Engineering & Health Intervention Team (MedEHiT), Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia. Phone: +6094246246; Fax: +6094242202
  • Lim Sheh Hong Medical Engineering & Health Intervention Team (MedEHiT), Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Mohd Shafie Abdullah Department of Radiology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Radhiana Hassan Department of Radiology, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Shigeo Wada Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama- Chou 1-3, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan
Keywords: Phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI), computational fluid dynamics (CFD), carotid bifurcation artery (CBA), Hemodynamics

Abstract

Nowadays, the knowledge of precise blood flow patterns in human blood vessels, especially focusing on Carotid Bifurcations Artery (CBA) area by using computational and modern techniques are very important to develop our understanding regarding to human diseases for both essential research and clinical treatment. This paper tends to discuss the progress regarding to the integration between Phase Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (PC-MRI) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), specifically to the human diseases. We technically define the model geometry reconstruction, review both PC-MRI and CFD methods to create mesh models, obtain boundary conditions, define the governing equations in CFD, define the material properties, and assumptions used in running the CFD simulations. Detailed information on PC-MRI and CFD is provided in tables, such as the MRI setup, software used, CFD model setup, measurement parameter, and summary of the result contribution from each reviewed article. Numerous fusions between PC-MRI and CFD are specified by summarizing the investigation carried out by significant group’s research, reviewing the important outcomes, and discussing the techniques, drawbacks and possibilities for further study. We hope that this perspective analysis will encourage a fusion of PC-MRI and CFD research contributing to continuous advancement of human health with close cooperation and collaboration among clinicians and engineers.

Published
2020-12-27
How to Cite
Mohd Adib, M. A. H., Sheh Hong, L., Abdullah, M. S., Hassan, R., & Wada, S. (2020). A perspective review: Technical study of combining phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging and computational fluid dynamics for blood flow on carotid bifurcation artery. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 14(4), 7609 - 7621. https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.14.4.2020.25.0599