Article 153 Of the Federal Constitution: Governing Principle for Affirmative Policy Against Social Injustice


  • Wan Ahmad Fauzi Hashim @ Wan Husain Universiti Malaysia Pahang



The special position, Article 153, historical and legal analysis methods, affirmative action, Malay and Natives of Sabah and Sarawak


The special position of Malays and Natives of Sabah and Sarawak remains a national debate despite the fact that its position has been lawfully accorded according to Article 153, Federal Constitution. Those who had significantly benefitted from the implementation of policies under Article 153 among non-Malays and non-Natives of Sabah and Sarawak, especially from an economic policy have yet turned up to defend many allegations thrown at the Government. As a matter of fact, many Malays themselves admitted that the Government had introduced many good programs to elevate the living standard of their community but yet to see much improvement across the country. On the contrary, the wealth accumulated by non-Malays as well as non-Natives of Sabah and Sarawak beyond RM1 billion personal net worth as shown in many popular magazines has proven to increase both in the number of individuals and its value. Hence, this paper aims to examine Article 153 and its governance on policies for affirmative action against social injustice using historical and legal analysis methods. The findings in this study could justify the position of Article 153 and evaluate the truth of so many allegations against it.

Author Biography

Wan Ahmad Fauzi Hashim @ Wan Husain, Universiti Malaysia Pahang

Wan Ahmad Fauzi was admitted as an advocate & solicitor at the High Court of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur on 23 September 1996. He is also qualified as a Syar'ie counsel for the State of Terengganu and the Federal Territories. In 2012, he was listed in "The Book of Malaysia Leaders: Political, Government & Corporate.

He once held a few prominent posts such as the Secretary of Terengganu Council of The Royal Court. At presence, he actively involves in NGOs. He obtained his PhD in constitutional law together with the certificates of Graduate on Time and Distinction PhD Thesis from the Law Faculty of The National University of Malaysia. Wan Ahmad Fauzi is the founder of Watan Jurisprudence. In recognizing his great contribution to our country, he was conferred a few Royal Awards such as PJN., DPNS., SMT.


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How to Cite

Wan Husain, W. A. F. H. (2021). Article 153 Of the Federal Constitution: Governing Principle for Affirmative Policy Against Social Injustice. Journal of Governance and Integrity, 5(1), 135–140.



JGI Vol. 5 Issue 1, December 2021