Investigation on the flexural properties of nanofillers loading on the Jute/Carbon/PLA nanocomposites

  • Nur Aqilah Sairy Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Norkhairunnisa Mazlan Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Ridzwan Ishak Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Nik Noriman Zulkepli Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Engineering Technology (FETech), Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02100 Perlis Indera Kayangan
Keywords: Carbon fibre, flexural Graphene, jute fibre, nanoclay, polylactic acid

Abstract

Presence of fibers and fillers in a composite can be an efficient way to arrest crack either at macro or micro levels. In this work, woven jute and carbon fibers were arranged alternately in PLA (Polylactic Acid) nanocomposite. Graphene or nanoclay was embedded into PLA matrix to make polymer nanocomposite. Fiber reinforced polymer nanocomposites were prepared by varying the concentration of graphene or nanoclay in the PLA matrix and alternate woven jute/carbon fibers was then bind with the PLA nanocomposite. Influence of graphene or nanoclay concentration and presence of woven fibres in the composite was quantified by flexural analysis. Flexural strength and flexural modulus were found to increase at 3wt% of nanofiller concentration for both graphene/jute/PLA and nanoclay/jute/PLA nanocomposites with increment up to 37% and 31%, respectively. FTIR was used to determine the interaction between PLA and nanofillers. Morphology observation by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) was done to investigate the fractured surface of the hybrid jute/carbon fibres reinforced PLA nanocomposite.

Published
2020-12-18
How to Cite
Sairy, N. A., Mazlan, N., Ishak, M. R., & Zulkepli, N. N. (2020). Investigation on the flexural properties of nanofillers loading on the Jute/Carbon/PLA nanocomposites. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 14(4), 7424 - 7433. https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.14.4.2020.11.0585