Experimental investigation on electro-discharge surface modification phenomenon of P20+Ni die steel using green P/M composite electrode

Authors

  • J. L. Ramdatti Production Engineering Department, Government Engineering College, Bhavnagar -364002, Gujarat, India. Phone: +91 9228133940
  • A. V. Gohil Production Engineering Department, Shantilal Shah Engineering College, Bhavnagar - 364060, Gujarat, India
  • K. G. Dave Mechanical Engineering Department, Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Engineering College, Ahmedabad-380015, Gujarat, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.15.3.2021.16.0660

Keywords:

EDM, P/M composite electrode, Response surface methodology (RSM), Surface roughness (SR), Microhardness (MH), Composite desirability

Abstract

In the present work, attempts have been made to optimize the EDM process with an aspect of surface modification of AISI P20+Ni die steel using powder metallurgy (P/M) electrode. Experiments have been performed according to central composite rotatable (CCD) design using response surface methodology (RSM). Effects of compaction pressure (Cp), peak current (Ip), pulse-on time (Ton), and duty cycle (τ) were correlated with surface roughness (SR) and microhardness (MH). Adequacy of mathematical model has been checked by performing ANOVA. Composite desirability approach was used to obtain optimal set of parameters for minimum SR and maximum MH. The errors between the predicted and experimental value of responses at the optimal set of parameters for SR and MH maintain within 5.26% and -3.64% respectively. Scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis confirmed the transfer of P/M electrode material on the work surface. The result indicates three times improvement in microhardness of EDMed surface.

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Published

2021-09-19 — Updated on 2021-09-19

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How to Cite

RAMDATTI, J. L., Gohil, A. V., & Dave, K. G. (2021). Experimental investigation on electro-discharge surface modification phenomenon of P20+Ni die steel using green P/M composite electrode. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 15(3), 8390–8404. https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.15.3.2021.16.0660