Statistical Analysis of Tribological Performance of Functionally Graded Copper Composite Using DOE
Keywords:Materials; Casting; Copper; Microscopy; Tribology
Dry sliding performance of Cu-11Ni-4Si/10wt.%Al2O3 graded composite was investigated statistically and experimentally using pin-on-disc wear tester. Microstructural analysis revealed maximum gradient concentration of ceramics towards the inner radial wall of developed composite. The wear analysis was based on Taguchi’s L27 orthogonal array and Regression models, at tribo-parameters (load-15, 25, 35 N, slide velocity-1.5, 2.5, 3.5 m/s and slide distance-750, 1500, 1250 m). Wear raised with proportional rise in load and distance. Trend analysis of influential factors against wear response was studied using Analysis of Variance. The influence of process conditions and their interactions on the wear are also detailed. Worn surface analysis identified the formation of Mechanically Mixed Layers at intermediate velocity. This had a major influence over the improvement of wear resistance. This developed composite is suggestable for diverse automobile components of various tribology applications.
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