A Review on Magneto-Caloric Materials for Room Temperature Refrigeration

  • S. M. Gombi Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita School of Engineering, Bengaluru, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, India.
  • D. Sahu School of Mechanical Engineering, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar 751024
Keywords: Magnetic refrigeration, Magneto-caloric material, Metallic glasses


Magnetic Refrigeration is an environment-friendly technology when compared to the conventional gas compression system known as vapor compression refrigeration system. Room temperature magnetic refrigeration is a technology which relies on a solid material known as the Magneto-Caloric Material (MCM) which exhibits Magneto-Caloric Effect (MCE) near room temperature. The Magneto-Caloric Effect is the change in temperature of a magnetic material when that material is either magnetized/demagnetized adiabatically. This review is focused on the selection of a suitable MCM which exhibits near-room-temperature MCE. It also explains a methodology to estimate the amount of material required, based on the cooling load or refrigeration capacity (RC) calculation

How to Cite
Gombi, S., & Sahu, D. (2020). A Review on Magneto-Caloric Materials for Room Temperature Refrigeration. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, 17(1), 7805-7815. https://doi.org/10.15282/ijame.17.1.2020.26.0581