Application of Minimum Quantity Lubrication for Various Machining Processes – A Mini Review


  • N. Rosli Faculty of Manufacturing and Mechatronincs Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan Pahang, Malaysia
  • N. E. H. Zamiruddin Faculty of Manufacturing and Mechatronincs Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan Pahang, Malaysia



Minimum Quantity Lubrication, Lubricant, Nanofluid, Surface Roughness, Tool Life


Minimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL) is a great alternative lubricating and cooling environment method that has been widely used to replace the conventional flood coolant which brings drawbacks involving environmental awareness, human’s safety and health and manufacturing cost. Taking into account the recent trends, this review paper describes a summary of the research journals reviewed previously MQL  in various machining operations involving milling, turning, drilling and grinding of various types of materials. Most recent papers have described the use of vegetable oils which helps in maintaining the environmentally friendly machining. Also, the aided of nanofluid particles and hybrid environment in MQL application conversed the outstanding efficiency in machining performances as compared to that conventional flood lubrication technology. Briefly, this paper have shown the proficiency of eco-friendly MQL approach in improving the performance of machinability such as reducing the surface roughness of workpiece, producing a higher rate of tool life and also reducing the cutting temperature that leads to a sustainable machining environment in the future work.


E. A. Rahim and H. Dorairaju, “Evaluation of mist flow characteristic and performance in Minimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL) machining,” Meas. J. Int. Meas. Confed., vol. 123, no. December 2017, pp. 213–225, 2018.

J. Kouam, V. Songmene, M. Balazinski, and P. Hendrick, “Effects of minimum quantity lubricating ( MQL ) conditions on machining of 7075-T6 aluminum alloy,” pp. 1325–1334, 2015.

W. A. Khan, N. M. Hoang, B. Tai, and W. N. P. Hung, “Through-tool minimum quantity lubrication and effect on machinability,” J. Manuf. Process., vol. 34, no. November 2017, pp. 750–757, 2018.

J. Sharma and B. Singh, “Investigation of effects of dry and near dry machining on AISI D2 steel using vegetable oil,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 66, pp. 619–623, 2014.

V. S. Sharma, G. Singh, and K. Sørby, “A Review on Minimum Quantity Lubrication for Machining Processes Machining Processes,” vol. 6914, 2015.

K. A. Osman, Ö. Ünver, and Ş. Ulvi, “Application of minimum quantity lubrication techniques in machining process of titanium alloy for sustainability : a review,” pp. 2311–2332, 2019.

B. Sen, M. Mia, G. M. Krolczyk, U. K. Mandal, and S. P. Mondal, Eco-Friendly Cutting Fluids in Minimum Quantity Lubrication Assisted Machining: A Review on the Perception of Sustainable Manufacturing, no. 0123456789. Korean Society for Precision Engineering, 2019.

A. Duchosal, S. Werda, R. Serra, C. Courbon, and R. Leroy, “Experimental method to analyze the oil mist impingement over an insert used in MQL milling process,” Meas. J. Int. Meas. Confed., vol. 86, pp. 283–292, 2016.

E. Vazquez, J. Gomar, J. Ciurana, and C. A. Rodríguez, “Analyzing effects of cooling and lubrication conditions in micromilling of Ti6Al4V,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 87, pp. 906–913, 2015.

N. Banerjee and A. Sharma, “A comprehensive assessment of minimum quantity lubrication machining from quality, production, and sustainability perspectives,” Sustain. Mater. Technol., vol. 17, p. e00070, 2018.

R. Hood, J. Morris, and S. L. Soo, “Workpiece surface integrity when milling Udimet 720 superalloy,” Procedia CIRP, vol. 45, pp. 283–286, 2016.

M. Al, B. Mozammel, M. Nikhil, and R. Dhar, “Investigations on Surface Milling of Hardened AISI 4140 Steel with Pulse Jet MQL Applicator,” J. Inst. Eng. Ser. C, vol. 99, no. 3, pp. 301–314, 2018.

G. D. P. Oliveira, M. C. Fonseca, and A. C. Araujo, “Analysis of residual stress and cutting force in end milling of Inconel 718 using conventional flood cooling and minimum quantity lubrication,” pp. 3265–3272, 2017.

N. Tosun and M. Huseyinoglu, “Effect of MQL on Surface Roughness in Milling of Effect of MQL on Surface Roughness in Milling of AA7075-T6,” vol. 6914, 2010.

S. B. Kedare, D. R. Borse, and P. T. Shahane, “Effect of Minimum Quantity Lubrication ( MQL ) on Surface Roughness of Mild Steel of 15HRC on Universal Milling Machine,” MSPRO, vol. 6, no. Icmpc, pp. 150–153, 2014.

K. Li and S. Chou, “Journal of Materials Processing Technology Experimental evaluation of minimum quantity lubrication in near micro-milling,” J. Mater. Process. Tech., vol. 210, no. 15, pp. 2163–2170, 2010.

A. Uysal, F. Demiren, and E. Altan, “Applying Minimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL) Method on Milling of Martensitic Stainless Steel by Using Nano Mos2 Reinforced Vegetable Cutting Fluid,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 195, pp. 2742–2747, 2015.

H. Hegab, B. Darras, and H. A. Kishawy, “Sustainability Assessment of Machining with Nano-Cutting Fluids,” Procedia Manuf., vol. 26, pp. 245–254, 2018.

T. Lv, S. Huang, X. Hu, Y. Ma, and X. Xu, “Tribological and machining characteristics of a minimum quantity lubrication ( MQL ) technology using GO / SiO 2 hybrid nanoparticle water-based lubricants as cutting fluids,” pp. 2931–2942, 2018.

P. Stief, J. Dantan, A. Etienne, and A. Siadat, “ScienceDirect ScienceDirect ScienceDirect Hybrid cooling and lubricating technology for CNC milling of Hybrid cooling and lubricating technology for CNC France milling of Inconel 718 nickel alloy Inconel 718 nickel alloy A new methodology to analyze funct,” Procedia CIRP, vol. 77, no. Hpc, pp. 215–218, 2018.

K. H. Park, M. A. Suhaimi, G. D. Yang, D. Y. Lee, S. W. Lee, and P. Kwon, “Milling of titanium alloy with cryogenic cooling and minimum quantity lubrication (MQL),” Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 5–14, 2017.

M. Z. A. Yazid, G. A. Ibrahim, A. Y. M. Said, C. H. CheHaron, and J. A. Ghani, “Surface integrity of Inconel 718 when finish turning with PVD coated carbide tool under MQL,” Procedia Eng., vol. 19, pp. 396–401, 2011.

S. Kumar, D. Singh, and N. S. Kalsi, “Experimental Investigations of Surface Roughness of Inconel 718 under different Machining Conditions,” Mater. Today Proc., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 1179–1185, 2017.

P. B. Patole and V. V. Kulkarni, “Optimization of Process Parameters based on Surface Roughness and Cutting Force in MQL Turning of AISI 4340 using Nano Fluid,” Mater. Today Proc., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 104–112, 2018.

R. K. Singh et al., “Influence of graphene-based nanofluid with minimum quantity lubrication on surface roughness and cutting temperature in turning operation,” Mater. Today Proc., vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 24578–24586, 2018.




How to Cite

Rosli, N., & Zamiruddin, N. E. H. (2020). Application of Minimum Quantity Lubrication for Various Machining Processes – A Mini Review. Journal of Modern Manufacturing Systems and Technology, 4(2), 40–47.