An adaptive model predictive control for coupled yaw and rollover stability of vehicle during corner maneuvers
Keywords:Adaptive MPC, Lateral dynamics , Longitudinal dynamics, Yaw and roll, Vehicle stability, PID control
This paper presents a control strategy to achieve yaw and roll stability by taking into account the physical interaction between the yaw and roll dynamics to prevent vehicle collisions in hilly or curved terrain. The mathematical model is formulated utilizing a roll dynamic model with a small tyre slip angle and a bicycle model with two degrees of freedom considering coupling of yaw and roll dynamics. An adaptive model predictive controller and a PID controller are included in the proposed control methodology so that a real-time scenario of variation in the longitudinal velocity and friction coefficient is considered. Stability limits are established based on the yaw rate, sideslip, and roll motions of the vehicle, taking into account the effects of the road angle. The friction coefficients of 0.4 and 0.8 are chosen for wet and dry road surfaces to show manoeuvrability and force the vehicle to avoid rollover condition. Using numerical simulations in Matlab R2022a, the effectiveness of the designed controller is assessed. A root mean square error (RMSE) is calculated for the proposed methodology for the evaluation of the performance and the values are obtained as 3.032 and 3.912 for friction coefficient of 0.8 for yaw rate and roll angle respectively. On comparing with the other methodology, it is found that the performance of the proposed method is better based on RMSE. Also, the fluctuations at the corners are removed and the variables are bound inside the stability limit, thus avoiding the vehicle from accidents in hilly areas. The robustness of the controller towards increasing the mass of the vehicle by 5% and 10% is found to be good.
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