Development of non-linear models to evaluate the NiTi SMA spring actuator

Authors

  • D. Singh Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Silchar, Assam, Pin-788010, India. Phone: +91 9854149839
  • R. Choudhury Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Silchar, Assam, Pin-788010, India. Phone: +91 9854149839
  • M. Mukherjee Advanced Manufacturing Centre, CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur, West Bengal, Pin-713209, India
  • Y. Singh Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Silchar, Assam, Pin-788010, India. Phone: +91 9854149839

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.16.1.2022.09.0692

Keywords:

NiTi spring, Shape memory alloy, Rate of contraction, Non-linear model, Fatigue life

Abstract

The shape memory alloy (SMA) based actuators are replacing huge and bulky actuators because of its ability to provide high work per unit mass and serves as active prismatic joint to develop precise robotic manipulators. It also helps in developing a light weight manipulators with a simple actuation process. Here, the study presents the relationship between the contraction of Nitinol SMA prings and the input variables such as current and time to effectively interpret the behavioural complexity. In addition, the response of two Shape memory alloy springs in series combination has been discussed. The finite element analysis (FEA) of the SMA wire and spring has also been carried out to predict the fatigue life of SMA wire and spring. The result showed that the contraction rate of SMA spring increases with increase in current and vice-versa. Moreover, the range of current is classified based on its significance. The relationship of current, displacement and time parameters, during the actuation of SMA spring, is a second order polynomial regression model. The applied current and time have positive impact on the contractiong rate of SMA. Several polynomial regression models were developed in order to predict the precise amount of spring actuation. This study also predicts the range of current suitable for its actuation based on its application as actuator. The FEA result shows that the SMA springs can have high endurance stress limit which makes it unique as compared to other commercially available actuators. This study enables to predict the rate of contraction and the deflection trend of SMA based actuators for precise positioning applications.

Downloads

Published

2022-03-23

How to Cite

Singh, D., Choudhury, R., Mukherjee, M., & Singh, Y. (2022). Development of non-linear models to evaluate the NiTi SMA spring actuator. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 16(1), 8754–8769. https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.16.1.2022.09.0692