Human Governance Index of Manufacturing Sector of Shariah Compliant Companies in Malaysia: A Preliminary Analysis
Keywords:Human Governance Index, Shariah-Compliant Companies, Manufacturing Sector
Human Governance refers to the governors’ commitment to improve employees’ values and ethical behaviour in the organization. Humans are capital asset and key driver to a successful organisation. The objectives of the study are to explain the development of human governance index and discuss the findings of human governance index when applied to 68 Shariah-compliant companies in the manufacturing sector. Previous study used primary and secondary data. Thus, this study will combine the indices of Human Governance from previous study and will develop a more comprehensive checklist using secondary data. Human Governance Index of this study comprises 37 items which are made up of four (4) main components which are (1) BOD Leadership - which is measured by i) BOD Job Experience Index, (ii) BOD Educational Background Index, (iii) BOD Educational Level Index, (iv) BOD Age Index, (v) BOD Gender Diversity Index; (2) Level of Integrity Index; (3) BOD Quantity of Training Index; and (4) Quality of Internal Control System Index. The index has been validated by panel experts and inter-rater consistency was also conducted. The index was then used to measure the Human Governance Index of 68 Shariah-compliant companies’ annual reports for the year 2019. 68 Shariah-compliant companies are from manufacturing companies which comprise 25 consumer products, 3 healthcare, and 40 industrial products. The results of this study revealed that consumer product sector has the highest items compared to industrial product and healthcare sectors. BOD job experience index has the highest mean of 92.9% indicates that BOD has more than 10 years’ experience and BOD gender diversity index has the lowest mean of 17.6% which comprises female. Human governance Index can be used to assist companies to improve their human capital who are important assets to the company and have been proven to increase performance of companies if they are better managed.
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