• Suriati Deraman Faculty of Industrial Management, Universiti Malaysia Pahang
  • Lee Khai Loon Faculty of Industrial Management, Universiti Malaysia Pahang
  • Puteri Fadzline Muhamad Tamyez Faculty of Industrial Management, Universiti Malaysia Pahang




Hospital waste , Healthcare waste, Clinical waste , Biomedical waste, Environment impact


Today, the healthcare industry has grown in importance as the number of hospitals has increased in response to the increased number of patients. This signifies that the world will be facing a more critical environment as a result of waste generation by hospitals. However, there are still insufficient studies that systematically review the existing literature on hospital waste management. Thus, this systematic literature review focuses on hospital waste management and its environmental impact. The results from Google Scholar and Science Direct show 80 articles starting from 2015 to 2020. Only 12 articles fulfil the criteria for further analysis. Most studies indicated the presence of hospital waste procedures such as waste segregation, a lack of awareness among clinical staff, poor facilities and government enforcement. The study contributes to the body of knowledge and the industry. This study explains the importance and environmental impact of hospital waste management.  A recommendation for future research is provided.

Author Biography

Lee Khai Loon, Faculty of Industrial Management, Universiti Malaysia Pahang

Ts. Dr. Lee Khai Loon is a Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Industrial Management (FIM), Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP). He specialized in supply chain management, technology management, operation management, industrial engineering, and business management. He holds a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Supply Chain Management and a Bachelor Degree in Technology Management from the School of Technology Management and Logistics, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM). He has a long industrial experience and teaching undergraduate and postgraduate students in the university. He is a chartered member of The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CMILT) Malaysia and UK, the Professional Technologist in Malaysia Board of Technologists (MBOT), the Certified Trainer (TTT) by HRDF, the Certified Trainer for MonsoonSIM, and Mendeley Advisor. Email: leekhailoon@ump.edu.my.


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How to Cite

Deraman, S., Loon, L. K., & Muhamad Tamyez, P. F. (2021). WHY HOSPITAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IS IMPORTANT TO THE ENVIRONMENT?: A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW. International Journal of Industrial Management, 11(1), 287–295. https://doi.org/10.15282/ijim.11.1.2021.5977