A Comprehensive Numerical Investigation on the Mechanical Performance of Hybrid Composite Tidal Current Turbine under Accidental Impact

  • H. Laaouidi FSAC - UH2C, Laboratory for Renewable Energy and Dynamic Systems, Morocco
  • M. Tarfaoui ENSTA Bretagne, IRDL UMR CNRS 6027, F-29200 Brest, France
  • M. Nachtane University of Bordeaux, CNRS, Arts et Metiers Institute of Technology, Bordeaux INP, INRAE, I2M Bordeaux, F-33400 Talence, France http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7381-2331
  • M. Trihi FSAC - UH2C, Laboratory for Renewable Energy and Dynamic Systems, Morocco
  • O. Lagdani FSAC - UH2C, Laboratory for Renewable Energy and Dynamic Systems, Morocco
Keywords: Current turbine, Finite Element Method (FEM), Hybrid fibers composites, Low-velocity impact, Dynamic behaviour

Abstract

The composite tidal turbine nozzle can be exposed to impact loads during maintenance or installation operations, which may result in invisible damage. Therefore, it is very important to analyse the induced damage in order to conceive hybrid composite nozzles with better resistance to damage. The low-velocity impact behaviour (LVI) of a carbon/glass hybrid composite nozzle has been investigated based on this motivation. The configurations of stacking sequences were constituted of glass and carbon fibers. The results acquired were compared between five various laminated. Indeed, the impact was studied in the leading edge region of the nozzle. The damaged laminates were inspected by the finite element method (FEM) based on Hashin failure criterion using the ABAQUS software. The energy conservation of the nozzle was verified to validate the numerical model. Futhermore, the effect of accidental impact on dynamic response and the damage induced on a hybrid composite nozzle have been investigated. According to results, the formation of damage like matrix cracking on the external/internal surfaces and radial cracking may occur. In addition, the hybrid nozzle with CCC (carbon/carbon/carbon), and CGG (carbon/glass/glass) stacking has greater impact resistance compared to other configurations.

Author Biography

M. Nachtane, University of Bordeaux, CNRS, Arts et Metiers Institute of Technology, Bordeaux INP, INRAE, I2M Bordeaux, F-33400 Talence, France

Mourad NACHTANE was born in Casablanca, Morocco, in 1993.  He received the B.Sc. degree  in mechanical engineering in 2014 from University of Hassan II Casablanca. Morocco. And the M.Sc. degree in renewable energy and energetic system in 2016 from University of Hassan II Casablanca. Morocco.  Currently he is working toward the Ph.D. degree in mechanical engineering at the National Institute of Advanced Technologies of Brittany and the    University of Hassan II Casablanca. His main research is currently focused on sustainable development, renewable energies, and more specifically composite materials for renewable marine energies.

He is member of the French Society of Metallurgy and Materials (SF2M), President of the Innovation and Renewable Energy Development Club at the Faculty of Science Casablanca, and he is member of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the World Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Technology (WASET). His research results have been crowned by several prizes notably that of the first prize of the French navy in France, Category engineering sciences, in 2017. And the second prize of the university competition for research and innovation “CURI 2017” in Morocco

Mourad NACHTANE was born in Casablanca, Morocco, in 1993.  He received the B.Sc. degree  in mechanical engineering in 2014 from University of Hassan II Casablanca. Morocco. And the M.Sc. degree in renewable energy and energetic system in 2016 from University of Hassan II Casablanca. Morocco.  Currently he is working toward the Ph.D. degree in mechanical engineering at the National Institute of Advanced Technologies of Brittany and the    University of Hassan II Casablanca. His main research is currently focused on sustainable development, renewable energies, and more specifically composite materials for renewable marine energies.

He is member of the French Society of Metallurgy and Materials (SF2M), President of the Innovation and Renewable Energy Development Club at the Faculty of Science Casablanca, and he is member of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the World Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Technology (WASET). His research results have been crowned by several prizes notably that of the first prize of the French navy in France, Category engineering sciences, in 2017. And the second prize of the university competition for research and innovation “CURI 2017” in Morocco;

Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
Laaouidi, H., Tarfaoui, M., Nachtane, M., Trihi, M., & Lagdani, O. (2020). A Comprehensive Numerical Investigation on the Mechanical Performance of Hybrid Composite Tidal Current Turbine under Accidental Impact. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, 17(4), 8338 - 8350. https://doi.org/10.15282/ijame.17.4.2020.10.0630