Non-Newtonian Film Thickness Formation in Ultra-thin Film
This paper aims to show the characteristics of ultra-thin films for non-Newtonian fluid using Ree-Eyring model where intermolecular forces of solvation and Van der Waal's are considered in addition to the hydrodynamic action to fulfill an identified need for such a conjunction. In this case, the film thickness and pressure distribution are obtained by simultaneous solution of the modified Reynolds’ equation incorporating the effect of non-Newtonian fluid, film thickness equation including elastic deformation caused by all contributing pressures and the load balance equation using Newton-Raphson method with Gauss-Seidel iterations. Effect of changing the operating conditions of speed, load, Eyring shear stress and slide-roll ratio on the characteristic of the contact has been studied. The results show that, for the case where the hydrodynamic action is the only pressure acting to support the applied load capacity, the film thickness and the pressure gradient at the exit of the contact obtained using non-Newtonian model is different than that formed using the Newtonian model especially for the increased value of slide-roll ratio. The main results of this study are that for ultra-thin film, the film thickness formed using non-Newtonian model is smaller compared to that obtained using Newtonian case and the discretization of the film thickness as the gap is reduced occurs similar to the results obtained using Newtonian model. The pressure shape shows no difference compared to that formed using the Newtonian case in which an oscillation around the Hertizan contact pressure shape due to the solvation effect appears. The results also show that for ultra-thin film, changing the Eyring shear stress does not affect the film thickness formation.
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