A Review on Ruben’s Tube as Acoustic Propagator

  • R. Salim Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Jalan Datuk Mohammad Musa, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Syed Tarmizi Syed Shazali Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Jalan Datuk Mohammad Musa, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • S. Hamdan Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Jalan Datuk Mohammad Musa, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • M. Andrew-Munot Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Jalan Datuk Mohammad Musa, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • A. M. A. A. M. Mohtar Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Jalan Datuk Mohammad Musa, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
Keywords: Ruben’s Tube; standing wave behaviours; nodes and antinodes

Abstract

In 1905, Ruben’s Tube was invented by German physicists Heinrich Ruben and Otto Krigar-Menzel. The tube is closed at one end and the other end is attached with a loudspeaker, then filled with flammable gas. With the help of the Ruben’s Tube, the standing waves were represented physically by fire. There are no specific standards in which Ruben’s Tube is constructed. At certain resonance frequency, the flame produced visual standing wave that varies in height. It has been used in the teaching of acoustical resonance behaviour. This article provides review on Ruben’s Tube and its operation, as well as some commentaries and drawbacks for each subtopic. Each of the journals that have similar setup have been reviewed to further explain the phenomena.

Published
2018-12-25
How to Cite
Salim, R., Syed Shazali, S. T., Hamdan, S., Andrew-Munot, M., & Mohtar, A. M. A. A. M. (2018). A Review on Ruben’s Tube as Acoustic Propagator. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, 15(4), 6025-6033. https://doi.org/10.15282/ijame.15.4.2018.22.0459