Outdoor Localisation for Navigation Tracking using Differential Global Positioning System Estimation (DGPS) : Positioning Errors Analysis
Global Positioning System (GPS) is a very popular outdoor positioning system. Due to the satellites’ errors signal, the Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers determine the accuracy of a current location with about 100 meters in latitude and 156 meters in longitude. In this few years, the technology on autonomous vehicles is rising. Autonomous vehicles need to navigate with high positioning accuracy for preventing any potential danger to road user. So in this paper, Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) experiment will be introduced for improve the positioning accuracy. Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) operations compose of Reference Station and Rover Station. Both of the station will use the GPS receiver for receiving the positioning data from GPS satellites and the positioning data collected from Reference Station will be used to calculate the positioning errors and the errors correction will then be transferred to Rover Station to improve the positioning accuracy. The results obtained will be discussed based on the average and range of errors in both latitude and longitude, number of satellites detected, Horizontal Dilution of Precision (HDOP), Vertical Dilution of Precision (VDOP) and the improvement on Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) at the same time in different day. In four days’ results, it can be seen that the number of satellites detected will be affected by the Horizontal Dilution of Precision (HDOP) and Vertical Dilution of Precision (VDOP) which cause the positioning errors in latitude and longtitude. The average of positioning errors range between -4.165m and 2.925m in latitude and -0.618m and 1.998m in longitude.