Investigation and optimization for the dynamical behaviour of the vehicle structure


  • Omid Zargar
  • Abolfazl Masoumi
  • Amir Ostadi Moghaddam



Conceptual model; vehicle structure; advanced CAE model; optimization; genetic algorithm.


Conceptual modelling is known as a well suited alternative approach for Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) analysis in automotive industry. In this paper, an improved conceptual modelling method in which beams and panels of the structure are modelled as simplified beam elements has been proposed. To explore the advantage of conceptual modeling in determining the resonant frequencies/mode-shapes, a case study for wheelhouse was performed. Firstly, an experimental test and advanced CAE analysis were carried out to measure the wheelhouse dynamic characteristics. The advanced CAE model was then validated by means of Modal Assurance Criterion and natural frequencies by associated experimental measurements. The results of wheelhouse concept model compared to the advanced CAE and experimental model in low frequency range, showed that the error percent of natural frequency is lower than 10% and the Modal Assurance Criterion is above 0.75 for the first four mode shapes of wheelhouse structure. Finally, the conceptual model is used as a baseline for optimization. The genetic algorithm was
implemented to maximize the first natural frequency to 41.74 Hz. So The genetic algorithm successfully provided new possibility for optimization by attempting to influence the first mode shape by means of the cross section characteristics. Due to the accuracy and reliability of developed conceptual model, this modelling approach can be a crucial tool in CAE and vibration analysis of vehicle in the early design phase. The proposed method allows the designer to give the results of design changes very quickly by neglecting details. Therefore, for the analysis of the vehicle performance in NVH domain, the proposed method could be considered in the conceptual design phase. 




How to Cite

O. . Zargar, A. . Masoumi, and A. O. . Moghaddam, “Investigation and optimization for the dynamical behaviour of the vehicle structure”, Int. J. Automot. Mech. Eng., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 4196–4210, Dec. 2022.