Variable Valve Timing (VVT) Modelling by Lotus Engine Simulation Software
Keywords:VVT; Brake power; Brake thermal efficiency; Volume efficiency; Fuel consumption
Variable valve timing (VVT) is an advanced modern technique applied in internal combustion engines by altering the valve lift event timing. This work aims to contribute to the continuing industrial VVT development to improve engine efficiency, fuel consumption and performance. To observe the influence on the spark-ignition (SI) engine’s performance, four valve timing strategies are selected carefully by varying the intake and exhaust valve timing. Lotus Engine Simulation, a simulation engineering software, is adapted in this study. The engine characteristics used in this modelling are spark engine, multicylinder, four strokes, port injection fuel system and constant compression ratio. A comparison between a conventional standard exhaust/intake valve timing and three other different timing cases is carried out. Results reveal that the overlap case of 98° showed a good brake-specific fuel consumption by approximately 3% less than the conventional case. An improvement of 6.2% for volume efficiency and 2.9% in brake thermal efficiency is also reported.