Crime index trends and patterns in Kelantan

Authors

  • N. Muhamad School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok Kedah Malaysia.
  • Z. Md Yusof Institute of Strategic Industrial Decision Modelling, School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok Kedah Malaysia.
  • M. Misiran Centre for Testing, Measurement and Appraisal, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok Kedah Malaysia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15282/daam.v2i1.6472

Keywords:

Crime index, Crime pattern and trend, Violent crime, Property crime, Kelantan

Abstract

Crimes are a social nuisance and has become major anxiousness to the society where it involves the safety of the people in a country. This paper provides crime index overview in Kelantan from 2017 to 2019 that consists of both violent crimes and property crimes. The violent crimes involve murder, rape, robbery and voluntarily injury cases. Meanwhile, property crimes include house break-in theft, vehicles theft and other theft (pickpocketing, snatch theft and etc.). The purpose of this paper is to study the relationship between age, gender, ethnic and district with the crime index. In addition, the objective is to identify and get better understanding of the most common crime index and also to identify which area has the highest crime index in Kelantan. A total of 5,569 cases were reported within this three-year period and the data were collected from Kelantan Contingent Police Headquarters. The descriptive analysis, spearman’ rho correlation and multiple regression analysis were performed, and the findings were then illustrated via graphs and tables. The major results have shown that Kota Bharu has the highest crime index and age, gender and district has significant relationship with crime index.

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Published

2021-07-11 — Updated on 2021-07-12

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