Influence of Aggregate Size and Shape on the Compressive Strength of Concrete


  • Claudius Konitufe Department of Civil Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
  • Aliyu Abubakar Department of Civil Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
  • Abubakar Sabo Baba Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina, Nigeria



Aggregate Size,, Aggregate Shape, Compressive Strength, Density, Workability


This paper investigates the effect of the size and shape of coarse aggregates on the compressive strength of concrete. Concrete strength is affected by the surface texture, grading and maximum aggregate size. Six different sizes of coarse aggregate have been selected for both angular and rounded coarse aggregate. The coarse aggregates were used in the production of concrete and tested for workability, density and compressive strength. The specimen was cured for 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days by full water immersion. The results indicated that under the same curing conditions and water-cement ratio, the compressive strength of concrete produced with both angular and rounded aggregates increased with increasing aggregate size, up to an aggregate size of 14 mm. The optimum compressive strength of 27.58 N/mm2 and 25.88 N/mm2 were achieved at 28 days curing and 14 mm aggregate size for concrete with angular and rounded aggregates respectively. Coarse aggregates with angular shape result in concretes with better compressive strength than coarse aggregates with a rounded shape. The model equation developed to predict the compressive strength of rounded aggregate has R2 value of 95.66%, and the higher the value of R2, the better the model fits the data.