A New Conceptual Modelling Method for Vehicle Subframe to Evaluate Dynamic Performance of Structures at Conceptual Design Stage
In recent years, the reduction of noise and vibrations caused by the road or internal components of vehicles have been a significant factor in the satisfaction and comfort of the occupants of cars. Therefore, to minimize these vibrations, the dynamic behaviour of the components of the vehicle should be considered in detail to reduce their level by setting useful parameters on structures. Nowadays, the conceptual model method can be regarded as a suitable alternative to the fundamental sophisticated computational techniques in measuring the vibration of vehicle components. Accordingly, the advanced finite element (FE) model examined for the subframe structure under the vehicle engine, and its conceptual model is developed by the one-dimensional beam elements to justify the dynamic behaviour of the subframe. The results of the experiments in the laboratory as well as the advanced subframe model are adapted, and the integrity of the natural frequencies and the mode shapes at low frequencies represented comprehensively. The result of the subframe concept model compared to the experimental model and computer-aided-engineering (CAE) model showed that the modal assurance criterion (MAC) is above 0.75 for the first four mode shapes of subframe structure and is above 0.9 for first and fourth mode shapes, and also the error percentage of natural frequency is lower than 8%. Therefore, for the analysis of the subframe performance in noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) domain, the presented model could be considered in the conceptual phase design to reduce the solution time significantly.
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