Random Synchronous Asynchronous PSO – A Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm with a New Iteration Strategy


  • Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz
  • Nor Hidayati Abd Aziz
  • Tasiransurini Ab Rahman
  • Norrima Mokhtar
  • Marizan Mubin




PSO, Random, Synchronous, Asynchronous


Particle swarm optimisation (PSO) is a population-based stochastic optimisation algorithm. Traditionally the particles update sequence for PSO can be categorized into two groups, synchronous (S-PSO) or asynchronous (A-PSO) update. In S-PSO, the particles’ performances are evaluated before their velocity and position are updated, while in A-PSO, each particle’s velocity and position is updated immediately after individual performance is evaluated. In another study, a random asynchronous PSO (RA-PSO) has been proposed. In RA-PSO, particles are randomly chosen to be updated asynchronously, the randomness improves swarm’s exploration. RA-PSO belongs to the asynchronous group. In this paper, a new category; hybrid update sequence is proposed. The new update sequence exploits the advantages of synchronous, asynchronous, and random update methods. The proposed sequence is termed as, random synchronous-asynchronous PSO (RSA-PSO). RSA-PSO divides the particles into groups. The groups are subjected to random asynchronous update, while the particles within a chosen group are updated synchronously. The performance of RSA-PSO is compared with the existing S-PSO, A-PSO, and RA-PSO using CEC2014’s benchmark functions. The results show that RSA-PSO is superior to both A-PSO and RA-PSO, and as good as S-PSO




How to Cite

N. A. Ab. Aziz, N. H. Abd Aziz, T. Ab Rahman, N. Mokhtar, and M. Mubin, “Random Synchronous Asynchronous PSO – A Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm with a New Iteration Strategy”, MEKATRONIKA, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 81–92, Jul. 2019.



Original Article

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