Causal Factors in Implementing Environmental Regulation: Evidence from the Erosion and Sediment Control Plan in Malaysia

  • Asri S. Asnor Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang
  • Rahimi A. Rahman Universiti Malaysia Pahang
  • Saffuan W. Ahmad Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University Malaysia Pahang
Keywords: sustainable development, sustainable construction, decision making, developing countries, environmental regulation


Erosion, and sedimentation can have a significant impact on the environment. Therefore, the Erosion and Sediment Control Plan (ESCP) is necessary to reduce those processes' adverse effects. Even though implementing ESCP is compulsory, we still have implementation issues in practice. This study aims to investigate the causal factors that are affecting ESCP implementation in Malaysia. To achieve that objective, data are collected through individual interviews with industry practitioners related to ESCP implementation. Then, the data are analyzed using thematic analysis. The challenges for implementing ESCP can be divided into two (2) internal and external challenges. Internal challenges consist of lack of competency, lack of knowledge, communication, attitude, awareness, planning, design, installation, and maintenance. In contrast, external challenges include management, financial, enforcement, and communication medium. This research contributes to the body of knowledge by providing insights into ESCP implementation, which could help develop policies and strategies to tackle the challenges. The findings of this research will help both researchers and practitioners to develop strategies that contribute to the sustainability of earth resources by reducing detachment of a portion of soil profiles from soil surfaces into soil particles (i.e., erosion); and transportation and deposition of soil particles (i.e., sedimentation) in construction projects.