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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Articles should be written clearly and concisely, avoiding repetition or embellishment. All submission must be in English. Standard English or American spelling may be used in our journal, but consistency should be maintained within a manuscript. The use of common or standard abbreviations is encouraged, however, if using non-standard abbreviations, please define this when you first use them.

Article structure

Title: The title should be short and straightforward to appeal to a general reader, but detailed enough to properly reflect the contents of the article. Think about keywords, and using recognisable, searchable terms-around 70% of our readers come directly via search engines. Avoid the use of non-standard abbreviations and symbols.

Authorship: Full names and affiliations for all the authors should be included. Everyone who made a significant contribution to the conception, design or implementation of the work should be listed as co-authors. Please indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author. The corresponding authors has the responsibility to include all (and only) co-authors. The corresponding author also signs a copyright licence on behalf of all the authors. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should be a single paragraph (50–250 words) that summarises the content of the article. It should set out briefly and clearly the main objectives and results of the work; it should give the reader a clear idea of what has been achieved. Like your title, make sure you use recognisable, searchable terms and keywords.

Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum 5 keywords to be included in an article. Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (e.g., “and” and “of”). These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Introduction: State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Ensure you include all relevant references.

Material and methods: Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Results and discussion: Results should be clear and concise, and be part of a single section, discussing the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. Extensive citation and discussion of the published literature should be avoided.

Conclusions: This is for interpretation of the key results and to highlight the novelty and significance of the work (maximum 100 words). The conclusions should not summarise information already present in the article or abstract. Plans for relevant future work can also be included.

Acknowledgements (where applicable): Contributors (that are not included as co-authors) may be acknowledged; they should be as brief as possible. All sources of funding should be declared.

References: Maximum 50 and 100 references for full paper/case study and review papers, respectively.

Appendices (where applicable): If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Citiation in text: Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Web references: As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.


Data references: This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.

Reference style:  

The references themselves are listed in numerical order at the end of the main article. The names and initials of all authors should be given in the reference.

[3]   Georgakilas V., Tiwari J. N., Kemp K. C., Perman J. A., Bourlinos A. B., Kim K. S., Zboril R. ‘‘Noncovalent Functionalization of Graphene and Graphene Oxide for Energy Materials, Biosensing, Catalytic, and Biomedical Applications’’. Chem. Rev. 116(9), 5464-5519, 2016.

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