Dynamic Testing of In-Wheel Motor Based Electric Vehicle in Longitudinal Direction
Keywords:Individual PMSM motor, In-wheel motor, Electric vehicle, Longitudinal control, Experimental testing
This paper presents an investigation into the performance of in-wheel motor (IWM) based electric vehicles (IWM-EV) in the longitudinal direction. The design of IWM-EV is an innovation of the conventional go-kart vehicle with slightly modifications in steering, suspension, and braking system, which then makes use three-phase permanent magnet synchronous in-wheel motor (PMSM-IWM) at both of the rear axle wheels. An extension of that is a simulation of IWM-EV vehicle using a 5-degree-of-freedom vehicle longitudinal model that has been developed by incorporating PMSM-IWM as a drive wheel located at the rear axles. Using the simulation, vehicle dynamic control in the longitudinal direction-based Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller has also been strategized. As the intention to confirm the capability of the IWM-EV, experimental studies-based real IWM-EV hardware have been conducted. Three dynamic tests that generalized from SAE standard SAE J866-199908, namely acceleration performance at the level pavement (include acceleration tests and acceleration then braking tests) and road gradient tests at constant speeds of 10, 15 and 20 km/h, were used as the testing method. The performance areas evaluated were vehicle body speed, wheel speed, distance travel experienced by the vehicle, IWMs current, drive torque as well as the battery voltage capacity used by the vehicle. The finding indicate that the simulation results and experimental data are similar with less than 5 % error. The outcomes from this study will be considered in the design optimization of a torque vectoring control in the next research study.
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