Wear Based Lifetime Estimation of a Clutch Facing using Coupled Field Analysis
Keywords:Rigid clutch; Groove design; ANSYS-APDL; Surface wear; Lifetime
Repetitive use of the clutch, over a period of time, causes the friction material at the contact surfaces (clutch facing and flywheel/pressure plate) to wear, thus deteriorating its performance and usable life. The working life of a rigid clutch is the limiting factor when it comes to extracting maximum performance from a dual mass flywheel system, which is used in a lot of modern vehicles nowadays to lower fuel consumption and improve ride quality. In this study, we investigate the influence of different groove patterns on wear in rigid clutch facings and estimate their life using a comprehensive finite element model. The wear is calculated and analysed for five different groove patterns across two different inorganic materials, namely FTL180 and TF1600-MC2, using Archard’s Adhesive Wear Model. Coupled multi-physics elements are employed in the analysis to capture the effect of frictional heat generation on wear. We found that the Waffle pattern offered a decrease of 10.4% in volumetric wear loss, a 5.78% decrease in maximum wear thickness and an increase of 11.51% in the average working life is used in city like conditions with frequent engagements. This work sheds light on the impact of groove patterns on clutch facing wear and opens a new path for the design and development of more resilient rigid clutches.
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