PATRON
Professor Ir. Dr. Wan Azhar Wan Yusoff
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

ADVISOR
Professor Ts. Dr. Kamal Zuhairi Zamli
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Profesor Dr. Mohd Zuki Salleh
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

ASSISTANT EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Associate Professor Dr. Yuhani Yusof
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

Dr. Zulkhibri Ismail
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

SECTION EDITORS

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd Sham Mohamad
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

Dr. Chuan Zun Liang
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

Dr. Najihah Mohamed
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

Dr. Nor Izzati Jaini
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

Dr. Rahimah Jusoh
Universiti Malaysia Pahang

ASSISTANT EDITOR

Mrs. Fadhilah Abdul Ghaffar

EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS

Prof. Emeritus Dr. Ioan Pop
Universiti Babeş Bolyai, Romania

Prof. Dr. Gusheng Zhai
Shibaru Institute of Technology, Japan

Prof. Dr. John Boland
University of South Australia, Australia

Prof. Sergey Utyuzhnikov
University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Prof. Tynysbek Kal’menov
Al Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan

Prof. Dr. Ahmad Erfanian
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dumitru Vieru
Technical University "Gheorghe Asachi" of Iasi, Romania

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sherzod Turaev
United Arab Emirates University, United Arab Emirates

Dr. Suhartono
Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia

Prof. A.R.M. Jalal Uddin Jamali
Khulna University of Engineering & Technology (KUET), Bangladesh

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Imran Anwar
University of Sargodha (UOS), Pakistan

Prof. Dr. Anuar Ishak
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia

Prof. Dr. Mustafa Mamat
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UNiSZA), Malaysia

Prof. Dr. Nor Haniza Sarmin
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Hisyam Lee
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia