Kinematics and Injury Analysis of Front and Rear Child Pillion Passenger in Motorcycle Crash

  • Saiprasit Koetniyom Automotive Safety and Assessment Engineering Research Centre King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok 1518 Pracharat 1 Road,Wongsawang, Bangsue, Bangkok 10800 Thailand
  • J. Carmai Automotive Safety and Assessment Engineering Research Centre King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok 1518 Pracharat 1 Road,Wongsawang, Bangsue, Bangkok 10800 Thailand
  • K. A. A. Kassim Malaysia Institute of Road Safety Research, 125-135 Jalan TKS 1, Taman Kajang Sentral, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Y. Ahmad Malaysia Institute of Road Safety Research, 125-135 Jalan TKS 1, Taman Kajang Sentral, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
Keywords: Child pillion passenger; motorcycle crash test; head injury criteria; kinematics; injury mechanism

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to study the kinematics and injury of child pillion passenger from motorcycle-to-car crash tests. Two crash tests for rear and front child pillions were set up. The kinematics of dummies were analysed from accelerometer data and high speed camera pictures. The kinematics and injury mechanisms of the child passenger from both tests are significantly different. For the rear child pillion test, the rider impacted the car before the child passenger. Both rider and child were ejected upward. The child’s head motion was curvilinear towards the car structure. This results in severe head injury due to high HIC. The child sitting at front translated in the longitudinal axis of the motorcycle and impacted the car before the rider. The child’s torso strongly hit to the handlebar first then head hit the car. This results in low value of HIC. The child’s upper-body including neck were compressed between the car and the rider’s torso leading to high risk of severe thorax and neck injuries. The results reveal that the child sitting behind the rider has higher risk of severe head injury while the child sitting before the rider has higher risk of thorax and neck injuries. 

Published
2018-10-05
How to Cite
Koetniyom, S., Carmai, J., Kassim, K. A. A., & Ahmad, Y. (2018). Kinematics and Injury Analysis of Front and Rear Child Pillion Passenger in Motorcycle Crash. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, 15(3), 5522-5534. https://doi.org/10.15282/ijame.15.3.2018.9.0424