Ethics and Malpractice


Data Analytics & Applied Mathematics (DAAM) is committed in ensuring the highest standards of publication ethics whereas the publication malpractice is strictly prohibited by all possible measure. Our responsibility is to publish original work to the highest possible standards, as also expected from our reviewers and authors. Honesty, originality and fair dealing on the part of authors, and fairness, objectivity and confidentiality on the part of editors and reviewers are among the critical values that enable us to achieve our goal. DAAM endorses and behaves in accordance with the codes of conduct and international standards established by the Committee on Publication Ethics. DAAM is committed in following the best practices on ethical matters, errors, and retractions, and to provide legal review if necessary.



The Editors are:

  • responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published;
  • allow to discuss with other editors or reviewers in making decision;
  • responsible on evaluating manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors;
  • prohibited disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate;
  • need to ensure a fair and appropriate peer review process;
  • care on the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by anyone who has a view of the manuscript in his or her own research without the express written consent of the author.



The Editorial Board must:

  • keep information pertaining to submitted manuscripts confidential.
  • disclose any conflicts of interest.
  • evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content.



The Reviewers should:

  • kept confidential and be treated as privileged information of the any information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors;
  • be conducted objectively. There shall be no personal criticism of the author. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments;
  • identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that had been previously reported elsewhere should be accompanied by the relevant citation;
  • request to the Editors attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge;
  • communicate to the editors in case, any reviewer feels that it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within stipulated time (so that the same could be sent to any other reviewer);
  • not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.



The Authors should:

  • submit papers only on work that has been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and that complies with all relevant legislation;
  • present their  results   clearly,   honestly, and   without   fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation;
  • endeavor to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others;
  • adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere;
  • certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere;
  • ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others this must be appropriately cited;
  • take collective responsibility for submitted and published work. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Duplicitous or expressively inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable;
  • cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given.
  • ensure that the authorship accurately reflects individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting; and where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged;
  • disclose relevant funding sources and any existing or potential conflicts of interest. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed;
  • promptly notify the journal editors and the editor to retract or correct the paper as author’s obligation, when an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work.



All DAAM issues are published by Universiti Malaysia Pahang Publishing. This is an open access article under the CC- BY-NC-ND license.