Development and Performance Evaluation of Eco-Friendly Crab Shell Powder Based Brake Pads for Automotive Applications

  • D. Lenin Singaravelu Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Rahul Ragh M. Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Vijay R. Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • S. Manoharan Department of Mechanical Engineering, SSM College of Engineering, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Mohamed Kchaou Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sfax, ENIS, LASEM, Sfax, Tunisia
Keywords: Thermally processed crab shell powder; chemically treated crab shell powder; brake pad; thermal stability; Chase test

Abstract

The present study deals with the effective usage of crab shell, which is a solid waste in the seafood industry. The crab shell was powdered and treated with chemicals to obtain the chemically treated crab shell powder. The crab shell was powdered and heated to the desired conditions to obtain thermally processed crab shell powder. These two powders so obtained were used with other ingredients in the development of brake pads. For comparison crab shell powder free brake pads were also developed. The developed brake pads were tested for various characteristics as per the industrial standards. Thermal stability was found using Thermogravimetric analysis. The fade and recovery behaviours were estimated for the developed brake pads using Chase test following IS2742 Part-4. The test results indicate that the thermally processed crab shell powder based brake pads showed better thermal stability with a char residue of 37%, while the chemically treated crab shell powder based brake pads had better fade and recovery characteristics with a fade rate of 1.71 % and recovery rate of 99.86 % due to its better heat dissipation and coarse structure. Scanning electron microscopy paved the way to study the worn characteristics of the Chase tested samples. An extensive evaluation method was used to rank the developed brake pads based on the Chase test performance; it also ranked chemically treated crab shell powder-based brake pads as the best performer.

Published
2019-07-09
How to Cite
Singaravelu, D. L., Ragh M., R., R., V., Manoharan, S., & Kchaou, M. (2019). Development and Performance Evaluation of Eco-Friendly Crab Shell Powder Based Brake Pads for Automotive Applications. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, 16(2), 6502-6523. https://doi.org/10.15282/ijame.16.2.2019.4.0491
Section
Articles